GEDmatch update

This morning, the internet is abuzz with the latest in the GEDmatch saga.

I am glad that Curtis Rogers and John Olson seem to have taken to heart the concerns of the genetic genealogy community and the users of their website. Their decision to violate their terms of service may have been an isolated incident of poor judgement, and they seem to be taking appropriate action now. However, I am not confident that they will not be persuaded to make that same decision at some point in the future. Unfortunately, they have lost my trust and I am no longer comfortable providing them access to my DNA data.

Another 2¢ about GEDmatch

There has been a lot of controversy surrounding DNA testing lately. Some people have been upset by the police using DNA data to solve cold cases. This data that had been uploaded by individuals interested in genetic genealogy for their own personal research. The site law enforcement has primarily been using is GEDmatch.

GEDmatch is an open data website where people can upload their DNA raw data to compare with other users. They accept uploads from several companies, so it’s a great way to compare DNA with people who have tested with companies other than the one(s) you’ve tested with. You choose a user name and can provide an email address if you want people to be able to contact you. There are many free tools on the free website. It’s a wonderful way to not only find family, but to figure out exactly how you are related as they have a chromosome browser – something that some of the other sites do not offer.

Several cold cases have been solved using the DNA uploaded by unsuspecting family members of criminals. When it was announced in April of 2018 that the police had solved the Golden State Killer case with data found on GEDmatch, people reacted. Many were afraid that they and their families could be subjects of a witch hunt if their DNA remotely matched DNA from a crime scene. GEDmatch listened to their user’s concerns and updated their terms of service to say that they would assist law enforcement by giving access to user’s DNA data only in extreme cases such as murder or violent rape.

This week, they violated their own terms of service by allowing law enforcement to access their user’s DNA data for a case that does not meet the criteria established in their terms of service. Parabon NanoLabs initially refused to assist the police, but relented after GEDmatch contacted them requesting them to grant permission. In Tuesday’s occurrence, the detective assigned to the case contacted GEDmatch directly and explained the details of the brutal beating of a 71 year old woman. The brutality of the crime was such that it resulted in GEDmatch relenting and allowing Parabon to provide DNA info to the police.

I think it’s great that so many criminals are being brought to justice and I have no problem with law enforcement being assisted by the gentlemen behind GEDmatch. I agreed to the new terms of service. I discussed the new terms of service with the individuals that I administer tests for. I gave them the option to have their DNA profiles removed from the site. I was okay with the police potentially having access to my DNA information to solve rapes and murders – and I willingly consented when I agreed to the new terms of service. Had they updated their terms of service and requested permission to use my DNA for murder, violent rape, and also savage beatings, perhaps I would have agreed. I am not okay with having a third party decide for me that using my DNA for any other circumstances other than what I agreed to is acceptable. I’ve never agreed with the idea that it’s better to beg forgiveness rather than ask permission.

A new friend who is an adoptee recently told me she has considered DNA testing, but is concerned about insurance companies accessing her data in order to deny or limit coverage. With each company I’ve tested with, the terms of service state that they will not share my information with insurance companies. They also state that they will not share my data with law enforcement unless presented with a subpoena or a warrant.

As of today, I have removed all DNA profiles that I had previously uploaded to GEDmatch. As useful as the site has been, I cannot continue to give someone access to my DNA only for them to do what they like with it despite what I have agreed to. I’ve been a big proponent of DNA testing since I first spit in a vial 7 years ago. I still maintain it is one of the best decisions I’ve ever made. As a result, I’ve gained a wonderful sister and my amazing nieces and nephew. Not to mention the great cousins I’ve collected along the way. I will continue to recommend testing for anyone looking for family or just curious about ethnicity. As always, choose the testing company wisely. Be sure to read the terms of service so you know how your DNA data will be used. Of course it’s possible they could violate their terms of service like Gedmatch did. If that happens, I’ll delete my data from those companies as well. For now, the benefits outweigh the risks.

See ya later, Manchester

Given the first two sessions I was starting my morning with, I decided to go for a walk and enjoy the beautiful weather before being cooped up indoors discussing death for a couple of hours.

Manchester is such a wonderful city! Once again I enjoyed roaming the streets. Everything is clean and there are large planters dotted throughout the sidewalks with signs on them  proclaiming Manchester to be a city of walkable neighborhoods.

A woman in the second session was lamenting the fact that she did not purchase a ticket to today’s luncheon, and ended up purchasing mine. As much as I wanted to hear the presentation, the sunshine lured me outside. I gave the Irish pub another try and found them open. Delicious food and Irish music – it was almost as good as being in Ireland.

I’m planning a research trip to PEI next year, so I just had to attend Prince Edward Island Repositories and Records. Melanie McComb sure knows her subject! I’m going home with some great new information and resources to check out.

The final event of the day was the banquet and presentation by D. Joshua Taylor – Family: Links to the Past and Bridges to the Future. If you’ve never heard Josh speak, try to attend one of his lectures if you have the opportunity. He always has interesting family history stories, mostly culled from his own family tree.

I had an amazing weekend and left with new ideas and resolutions for my research. I resolve to:

  • Make a clear research plan
  • Start using timelines
  • Be more mindful of the usefulness of indirect and inferential evidence
  • Be more organized with my research notes

I’m certain I made some of these same resolutions at NERGC 2017. Hopefully I’ll be more successful this time. Regardless, I know I’ll be spending every waking moment during the next few weeks researching!


My second day at NERGC began with a nice breakfast at the hotel followed by a short walk down Elm Street. A VERY short walk! The morning temp was 31F and quite windy. I left my winter coat in my car, and it seemed like too much bother to search the parking garage for my car to get it. The entire walk, I could hear my mother’s voice in my head chastising me for leaving it in the car. I glimpsed some murals down an alleyway, and detoured to check them out. I’m so glad I did!

Once back to the warmth of the hotel, I took a walk through the registration area. As I predicted, there were a bunch more queries added to the board. So many in fact, that they needed to add another board!

The message board only had a few more pinned messages, but I’m guessing that is due to the conference app. I read in one of the updates that more than half of the attendees have downloaded the app.

I did not attend today’s luncheon, so I ventured out into the city. It is amazing how many ethnic restaurants there are in a short radius. Venezuelan, Greek, Mexican, Italian, Indian, Ethiopian, Vietnamese, Nepalese, Spanish, etc. You definitely won’t go hungry in Manchester! I had intended to have lunch at the Irish pub, but they were having kitchen issues and would be opening late. As my next session would be at 1:45, I ate elsewhere. I chose a Hungarian restaurant, Lala’s Hungarian Pastry. I had a delicious chicken goulash. There was also a huge selection of Hungarian pastries and cookies. I may or may not have bought a small package of assorted cookies to snack on later…

After waddling back from lunch, I headed to the exhibit hall. A lot of people were still at the luncheon or in workshops, so it wasn’t very crowded. There are so many vendors and societies represented. From small, local societies to the big companies like American Ancestors and Ancestry, there is a lot to take in. There are vendors selling just about anything you can think of that is genealogy related. Books, maps, jewelry, family charts, magnets, keychains – everything!

The Gravestone Girls create beautiful artwork from the images found on old New England gravestones.

Tim Firkowski really got into the spirit!

Our Fun Tree had lots of beautiful genealogy related jewelry.

Kelly and Wendy, along with the other volunteers from the Massachusetts Society of Genealogists, made sure to let folks know about the benefits of their society.

The day ended with a banquet after which Blaine Bettinger presented The Helen Marley Story. It was a fascinating case study where Blaine identifies his great grandmother’s biological mother utilizing indirect evidence and targeted DNA testing. Genealogists may be the only group of people who can be held spellbound for an hour while someone talks about their research process. Again I had a tableful of interesting dining companions. Between my new friends and Blaine’s great presentation, I was sad when the night ended. C’est la vie. Tomorrow is a new day with new adventures.

NERGC 2019 is underway!

I arrived at the Doubletree in Manchester, NH shortly after 8am having left Little Rhody around 6am. I left my car with the valet, my bag with the front desk, and set out to explore every inch of the conference center. Join me to check it out.

First stop was to check in and get my ‘swag bag’. The bag contained my name tag and meal tickets as well as brochures from different vendors and the daily conference sheets.

The entrance to the conference has tables full of helpful volunteers who can answer just about any questions you can think of. There is also the query board where you can post queries with the hopes of finding someone who can help break down some of your brick walls. Even if you don’t have a query to post, stop by and read through them. Perhaps you’re the one who may have information vital to someone’s research. There is also a message board. So far the messages are from people who are looking for meal tickets or for a place in a sold out workshop.

Don’t be fooled by the pics; there are over 1,000 conference attendees. By Saturday morning, the bits of paper on the query and message boards will be overlapping and fighting for space.

I’ve already met some wonderful people. First timers have an orange dot on their name tags, so I’m trying to be sure to be extra welcoming and to share my conference knowledge. I remember my first conference, a woman gave me a tip. She told me to put my meal tickets and room key behind my name tag in my lanyard so I’d always have them handy and know where they are. I passed that tip on to a newcomer this morning. I hope she finds it as useful as I have.

The opening session with Cyndi Ingle was fantastic. It was titled Genealogy and the Internet – A Match Made in Heaven. For the last 23 years, Cyndi’s List has been the place to go when you’re wondering, “where can I find that? She has compiled an index to over 336,000 online genealogy resources. It is such a valuable research tool.

Next on the agenda was the luncheon with Jennifer Zinck sponsored by the Massachusetts Genealogical Council. The topic was DNA Testing: What Did I Sign Up For? A great presentation that is certainly of interest given how much DNA has been in the news recently. Prior to Jennifer’s presentation, the first annual Shirley M Barnes Records Access Award was presented to Brooke Schreier Ganz of Reclaim the Records. Brooke was unable to attend the conference, but sent in a video thanking MGC for the award. My table companions were delightful and it was nice to finally get the chance to meet my interviewee Carol McCoy in person!

The three lectures I attended today were fun and educational. My favorite was Women’s Suffrage: Their Rights, Roles, and Limitations presented by Michael Strauss. It was a fascinating look at women’s rights throughout history. At one point when discussing historical ages of consent, at what ages girls could become engaged, etc, my mouth dropped open in shock.


NERGC is off to a great start! I’m looking forward to more great lectures tomorrow as well as a visit to the exhibit hall.

There’s an app for that…

It’s hard to believe that NERGC is less than a week away! This year there is a conference app. It’s AttendeeHub and all attendees received an email yesterday with a link to download the app to an iOS or Android device. There is also a mobile web version for those without an iOS or Android device. I love a good app, so I was excited to download it to my phone.  Here’s a look at the main screen.


The activity feed is a place for people to post things like they would on other forms of social media. Schedule shows the full conference schedule (excluding workshops and meals). Each lecture you have chosen will have a check mark next to it. Have you changed your mind since choosing your lectures when you registered? I change mine at least 2 or 3 times during every conference… You can uncheck the circle and choose another option.



Speakers has a list of all the scheduled speakers and you can click on each for a brief bio and a listing of their scheduled presentations. Sponsors is a place you can learn more about each sponsor of the conference. If you tap the name of the sponsor, the app will take you to a map of the exhibit hall and you can see their exact location so you can go visit them and have a chat with their representatives.


As you may have guessed, Exhibitors takes you to lists of the exhibitors. Like the Sponsors option, tapping each exhibitor’s name will take you to the map and show you their location in the exhibit hall.


One of my favorite features of the app is Maps. There are maps of the exhibit hall, the hotel, and also a map of the city of Manchester! I’m expecting this feature to be invaluable. In years past, I’ve wandered around lost, looking for the location of a particular presentation. Having a schedule that lists a presentation as being held in Ballroom B isn’t particularly helpful if you’ve never been to the venue and have no idea of what rooms are located where. With the hotel map, if I’m scheduled to be in the Piscataquag Room, I can easily locate it! The city map will come in handy for when we venture out into Manchester. Although most people have map apps on their phones, it’ll be handy to have it right in the conference app.

Another favorite feature is Attendees. This is a searchable, alphabetical list of all attendees. You can search using either first or last name. Once you locate the person you are looking for, you can message them, send them a meeting invite, make a note, or add them as a contact so you can share your contact details with each other. Not everyone has activated their profile, so the app warns that if a person is not active that messages may be delayed. I think this feature will be quite useful for contacting other attendees during the conference. You can choose how much information to share with others and can even add a profile picture if you want.

The rest of the features are pretty self explanatory. I’m already super excited about this year’s conference, and I can tell that this app is really going to enhance the experience.

So, if you’re attending, download the app! If you haven’t registered for the conference, there is still time. I’m registered for most of the luncheons and banquets, but as there’s no banquet Thursday night, I’ve decided to try one of the area restaurants and get a taste of the host city. Using the conference app, I sent a message to one of my genie friends and invited her to come along. If you’ve got any recommendations for us or want to join us, use the app and send me a message! See you in Manchester! 🙂

Interview with Dr. Carol McCoy

So you’ve found your ancestors on census records, and you have obtained copies of their birth, marriage, and death records. But what other records are available? Come to NERGC 2019 in Manchester, NH from April 3rd through April 6th to find out from Carol McCoy! Carol will be offering 3 presentations at this year’s conference:

  • Using Deeds to Solve Genealogy Problems (This is a 2 hour workshop being offered on Wednesday from 3:30pm-5:30pm)
  • Tax Records in Genealogy Can Be a Good Thing (Saturday 10am-11am)
  • Proving Mayflower Ancestry: Margaret York Randall of Maine, New York, and Alabama (Saturday 3:15pm-4:15pm)

I was at one of Carol’s presentations at NERGC 2017. She is knowledgeable and entertaining, and I’m looking forward to her presentations this year. Carol was kind enough to allow me to interview her.

You began your professional life as a teacher and a professional development consultant. What made you become a full time genealogist?


I have always been interested in psychology and what makes people the way they are. My doctorate in social Personality Psychology focused on early childhood memories and adult personality. Later I taught psychology and studied psychoanalysis in New York City. My hope was to understand people. Ultimately one cannot understand people without understanding their family dynamics and  what is passed on through the generations of one’s family. So, as I learned more about my family origins and also did some free family searches for dear friends, I discovered that I loved doing this research. I give presentations because I love to share whatever I have learned that I believe can help others.


What are your other interests outside of genealogy? 

First and foremost, baseball, especially following the New York Yankees, which can be a challenge in New England. I love playing the guitar and singing folk music being a child of the 60s and 70s—now I listen more than I sing. I also love to garden with enthusiasm if not skill. And my favorite interest is my sweet cat, Mr. Spice Pie, who offers me companionship, snuggles and amusement.


What is your favorite, most helpful resource that you feel is underutilized?  What are the biggest challenges of Maine research? 

Definitely New England town records including tax records. They can be hard to find, hard to decipher, hard to make sense of, but they are so worthwhile in terms of adding details about the location and times in which one’s ancestors lived and also about their lives.


Recording of vital records was not required until 1892 and so not all towns were diligent about recording them. Shortly after 1892 about 20% of Maine towns forwarded their records to Augusta but clearly that excludes many towns. In some locations, such as the Cumberland County Court House, records burned. The early Cumberland probate records prior to 1908 were destroyed. In general record keeping was not as rigorous as in Massachusetts proper. Records are not always located in a logical place and sometimes custodians guard them very fiercely.  Maine deeds, many of which are online, can be tremendously helpful but researchers need to cast a wider net regarding time, place, names and other details to make the most of them. People need to pay attention to county changes. For example all of Maine was in York County until 1760 when Cumberland and Lincoln Counties were formed. York Deeds were published in about 18 volumes, which covered transactions up to about 1737—this leaves the time period from about 1738 up to 1760 unpublished. Some people assume that everything is published. Maine research is challenging but rewarding—local records provide many clues. The Maine Historical Society in Portland, the Maine State Library and Maine State Archives in Augusta, and other repositories are tremendously helpful. The Maine Genealogical Society, which has published more than 80 volumes of town/city transcriptions and also Maine Families in 1790, is a great resource. People should check our web:



Two of your lectures at this year’s conference concern tax records and land deeds. Are there any of these records that would be helpful for folks researching female ancestors or other ancestors who may not have owned property? 

Definitely yes. Women could be included in tax records if they headed a household or were widows.  Deeds often mention release of dower by a wife and include the wife’s name, indicating if she could write or if she signed with her mark. Women may be mentioned as neighbors. Tax records often included a poll tax based on a male between the ages of either 21 (sometimes 16 or 18) and perhaps 65. If John Allen was taxed for 3 polls one year, that indicated 3 males were of taxable age that year. If the next year he was taxed for 4 polls, this indicated that someone else in the household had come of age. If the next year there were only 2 taxable polls, perhaps a male had died or moved out of the household or became unratable as a poll. The more you learn about these records, the more clues you can find in them.


What does this year’s conference theme mean to you?  What would you say to convince a first-timer to attend? 

Family– Link to the Past and Bridge to the Future—that says it all. I enjoy learning more family stories about my ancestors, but even more I enjoy finding as yet undiscovered relatives and sharing family stories with the next generation.


This is my favorite conference. There are always excellent speakers discussing useful topics and friendly participants willing to share their knowledge, time and friendship. If you have New England ancestors, the conference is especially helpful. Even if you don’t think you have New England ancestors, you might have them, and the Conference provides much helpful information on how to conduct genealogy research.


There are still spots available for Carol’s workshop on Wednesday, so register quickly before they fill up! The conference is not just great workshops, lectures, and fantastic featured speakers. There is also a marvelous exhibit area featuring books, gadgets, and representatives from genealogical societies. Did I mention books? I also love the chance to spend a few days with other people who are passionate about family history. Each conference is an opportunity to make new friends and connect with old ones. See you in Manchester!



Carol Prescott McCoy, Ph.D., lives in Brunswick, Maine with her beloved cat, Spice Pie. She grew up in Bronxville, N.Y., attended Connecticut College and Rutgers University where she earned her doctorate in psychology. She taught psychology for many years, then management development at Chase Manhattan Bank in NYC and at Unum in Portland, Maine. She founded McCoy Training and Development Resources (a one person consulting company) in 1999 and then started about 2004 (still a one-person company.) She has been a professional genealogist for about 15 years and has been the president of the Maine Genealogical Society since Jan 2018. Finally, she is ready to write her own family history and so she will be stepping down from most of her professional responsibilities. She will continue to help others as a genealogy coach. Her family roots are in Northern Ireland, Germany and England, West Virginia, New York and New England with a delightful mixture of Scot Irish and Jewish roots.